Life hassles; cause and effect relations among diverse age groups


  • Syeda Farah Batool Psycho-physiology Research Lab, University of Karachi
  • Shamoon Noushad Psycho-physiology Research Lab, University of Karachi
  • Sadaf Ahmed Psychophysiology Research Lab, Advance Educational Institute & Research Centre



Trauma, Stress, Mental Health


This study was done to evaluate the basic cause of trauma among people of different ages. Stress levels in subjects were observed and their reported symptoms were analyzed on the basis of physiological indications towards neurological disorder. Impact of stress on individual’s mental health and social life were determined. Sadaf Stress Scale (SSS) was used to determine the level of stress in subjects, a questionnaire based Performa was filled for evaluation of physiological symptoms regarding their trauma. Subjects were divided into four groups according to their ages. Moderate to severe stress was observed among the age group of 18-24 and 25-31, and severe stress was found in 32-38 while subjects lying in last age group i.e. 40+ were in least stress. A cause of trauma varies among different age groups. Stress does have a great impact on nervous system by altering and modulating its function. Continuous exposure to stress or stressful environment can cause severe damage to memory and perception, which either lead you to severe psychological issues or may tempt you to commit suicide.




How to Cite

Batool, S. F., Noushad, S., & Ahmed, S. (2016). Life hassles; cause and effect relations among diverse age groups. Annals of Psychophysiology, 3, 43–46.

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