Review of Heart Rate Variability Biofeedback: Intervention to relieve Stress.

  • S. Farah Batool Department of Psychology, Malir University of Science and Technology, Karachi-Pakistan.
  • Basit Ansari Department of Health, Physical Education & Sports Sciences, University of Karachi, Karachi-Pakistan.
Keywords: Heart rate variability, Biofeedback, Stress, Depression.

Abstract

Depression is prevailing and captivating millions of individuals across the globe. There are numerous stressors and triggers that can induce depressive symptoms or anxiety in individuals of all ages. This exponential growth in depressed and distressed members of society may lead to a massive loss of productive individuals. It is a general practice to prescribe drugs to treat such psychological concerns, but acquiring these medications frequently may affect the body's metabolism. Alternative interventions that can replace or minimize the use of drugs are needed. Heart rate variability biofeedback (HRVB) is a practical approach to treating stress and depression. This article intends to represent an overview of HRVB, its effectiveness, and its side effects so that it can be compared to the medications prescribed.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

1. World Health Organization. Depression and Other Common Mental Disorders Global Health Estimates (WHO, 2017).
2. Hasin, D. S. et al. Epidemiology of adult DSM-5 major depressive disorder and its specifiers in the United States. JAMA Psychiatry. 2018;75(4):336–346.
3. Penninx, B. W. J. H., Milaneschi, Y., Lamers, F. & Vogelzangs, N. Understanding the somatic consequences of depression: Biological mechanisms and the role of depression symptom profile. BMC Med. 2013;11(1):1-4.
4. Moussavi, S. et al. Depression, chronic diseases, and decrements in health: Results from the World Health Surveys. Lancet. 2017;370(9590):851–858.
Published
2022-06-01
How to Cite
Batool, S. F., & Ansari, B. (2022). Review of Heart Rate Variability Biofeedback: Intervention to relieve Stress. Annals of Psychophysiology, 9(1), 51-55. https://doi.org/10.29052/2412-3188.v9.i1.2022.51-55