Review of Heart Rate Variability Biofeedback: Intervention to relieve Stress.

  • S. Farah Batool Department of Psychology, Malir University of Science and Technology, Karachi-Pakistan.
  • Basit Ansari Department of Health, Physical Education & Sports Sciences, University of Karachi, Karachi-Pakistan.
Keywords: Heart rate variability, Biofeedback, Stress, Depression.


Depression is prevailing and captivating millions of individuals across the globe. There are numerous stressors and triggers that can induce depressive symptoms or anxiety in individuals of all ages. This exponential growth in depressed and distressed members of society may lead to a massive loss of productive individuals. It is a general practice to prescribe drugs to treat such psychological concerns, but acquiring these medications frequently may affect the body's metabolism. Alternative interventions that can replace or minimize the use of drugs are needed. Heart rate variability biofeedback (HRVB) is a practical approach to treating stress and depression. This article intends to represent an overview of HRVB, its effectiveness, and its side effects so that it can be compared to the medications prescribed.


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How to Cite
Batool, S. F., & Ansari, B. (2022). Review of Heart Rate Variability Biofeedback: Intervention to relieve Stress. Annals of Psychophysiology, 9(1), 51-55.