Prevalence of stress, anxiety, depression, and job dissatisfaction in health care professional dealing with covid-19 patients
Background: In Pakistan, Health care professionals already suffer a lot mentally due to work burden and health risks, COVID-19 added more stress to the situation. This study aims to evaluate stress, anxiety, and depression with job satisfaction in health care professionals treating COVID-19 Patients.
Methodology: A cross-sectional study was conducted among health care professionals, working at COVID-19 hospitals (private and public sector hospitals both). Data was collected from special units like isolation wards, and intensive care units. The study questionnaire consists of a socio-demographic section followed by the Depression, Anxiety, and Stress Scale (DASS-21) for measuring stress, anxiety, and depression (SAD). Moreover, War Cook Wall (1979) job satisfaction questionnaire was also used.
Results: Study data reveals moderate to severe levels of anxiety (21.7% to 22.5%) and depression (22.5%, 13.3%) among healthcare providers. An association between age, marital status, organization, and occupation with depression at a p-value < 0.05 was noticed. A moderate degree of job satisfaction is found in overall job satisfaction. The majority of participants showed dissatisfaction in terms of income. Overall average level of satisfaction was found in rest of the items of WCW questionnaire.
Conclusion: The study disclosed that the majority of healthcare professionals were found to have stress, anxiety, and depression.
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