Medication errors with influencing factors of polypharmacy among elderly patients using Calcium Chanel Blockers.

  • Shagufta Nesar Jinnah College of Pharmacy, Sohail University, Karachi-Pakistan.
  • Muhammad Harris Shoaib Department of Pharmaceutics, Faculty of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Karachi, Karachi-Pakistan.
  • Kiran Rafiq Department of Pharmaceutics, Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Jinnah Sind Medical University, Karachi-Pakistan.
  • Muhammad Azhar Mughal Department of Pharmacology, Jinnah Sind Medical University, Karachi-Pakistan.
  • Tayyaba Mumtaz Jinnah College of Pharmacy, Sohail University, Karachi-Pakistan.
  • Ishrat Younus Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Hamdard University, Karachi-Pakistan.
  • Arfa Akram Department of Pharmaceutical chemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, Federal Urdu University of Arts, Science & Technology, Karachi-Pakistan
Keywords: Medication Error, Calcium Channel Blocker, Elderly, Hypertensive Patients, Polypharmacy.


Background: Geriatrics refers to age-related health changes and consequently causes complications in polypharmacy, generalizing prescribing patterns. The study aimed to investigate the pervasiveness of medication inaccuracies along with drug interactions.

Methodology: Out of 450 prescriptions only 210 were selected that contained Calcium Channel Blocker (CCB) and other drugs. Drug-drug interactions were articulated by Micromedex 2.0, and the harm score was determined by National Coordinating Council for Medication Error Reporting and Prevention.

Results: The outcomes revealed that 645 medication errors were identified and multiple errors were present in a single prescription. The most frequent error was unstated patient's weight (98.6%) proceeds from drug-drug interactions (66.7%). According to the harm score, 36.66% of prescriptions were placed in category D, there was a statistically significant association between the drug-drug interaction and the number of prescribed drugs (p<0.0001).

Conclusion: The prime solution is that the physicians should be facilitated withal trainings about drug interactions and prescription writing skills according to WHO guidelines or other recognized standards.


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How to Cite
Nesar, S., Shoaib, M. H., Rafiq, K., Mughal, M. A., Mumtaz, T., Younus, I., & Akram, A. (2022). Medication errors with influencing factors of polypharmacy among elderly patients using Calcium Chanel Blockers. International Journal of Endorsing Health Science Research (IJEHSR), 10(2), 144-149.