Comparison of visual outcome in senile cataract after phacoemulsification and manual small incision cataract surgery.
Background: Different surgical treatment options are used to treat cataracts, such as Manual Small Incision Cataract surgery (MSICS) and Phacoemulsification. The present study compares the visual outcomes of phacoemulsification and MSICS in senile cataract patients.
Methodology: A quasi-experimental study was conducted with 270 patients aged between 50 and 70. Patients diagnosed with senile cataract were included in the study and divided equally into two groups, Group A patients underwent MSICS, and Group B patients underwent Phacoemulsification. Pre-operative visual acuity and Postoperative visual acuity were assessed between the two groups on the 1st day, 1st week, and 1st month.
Results: Significant difference (p=0.001) was observed on 1st day of assessing uncorrected visual acuity among both interventional groups. However, no significant difference was observed in uncorrected visual acuity postoperatively on the 1st week (p=0.093) and 1st month (p=0.266).
Conclusion: Both Phacoemulsification and MSICS are beneficial surgical options to treat senile cataract, with both showing similar efficacy to one another.
2. Wang W, Yan W, Fotis K, Prasad NM, Lansingh VC, Taylor HR, Finger RP, Facciolo D, He M. Cataract surgical rate and socioeconomics: a global study. IOVS. 2016;57(14):5872-5881.
3. World Health Organization. Blindness and vision impairment. (Updated October 20, 2020). Available at: https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/blindness-and-visual-impairment)
4. Bourne RR, Flaxman SR, Braithwaite T, Cicinelli MV, Das A, Jonas JB, Keeffe J, Kempen JH, Leasher J, Limburg H, Naidoo K. Magnitude, temporal trends, and projections of the global prevalence of blindness and distance and near vision impairment: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Lancet Glob Health. 2017;5(9):e888-97.
5. Fricke TR, Tahhan N, Resnikoff S, Papas E, Burnett A, Ho SM, Naduvilath T, Naidoo KS. Global prevalence of presbyopia and vision impairment from uncorrected presbyopia: systematic review, meta-analysis, and modelling. Ophthalmology. 2018;125(10):1492-1499.
Copyright (c) 2021 The Author
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.