Research Involving Human or Animal Subjects
For researches involving human and animal subjects, the corresponding author must confirm that the manuscript submitted is according to the ethical standards provided by International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE). According to the policy on Protection of Human Subjects and Animals in Research, the corresponding authors are required to submit evidence for the conduct in accordance with the ethical standards of the responsible committee on human experimentation (institutional and national) and with the Helsinki Declaration of the World Medical Association with all current revisions and amendments. The authors may be asked to submit the ethical approval. The institutional review board must be mentioned in the manuscript. The manuscript should clearly indicate the process of attaining consents from the subjects.
When reporting experiments on animals, authors should indicate whether the institutional and national guidelines for the care and use of laboratory animals were followed.
Clinical trial registration
The clinical trials must be registered via www.clinicaltrials.gov or a similar agency that follows ICMJE criteria prior to patient enrollment in the study. Trials conducted with the objective to determine only the pharmacokinetics of a certain drug are exempted.
Publishing images from human research participants
Images for a case (human subject) if included in the manuscript to be published in APP must be given with a clear statement affirming that the patient was informed prior to the inclusion of images in the manuscript and informed consent was taken. The confidentiality must be maintained and the patient identity must not be disclosed. The editors may ask the author to provide consent form and in any case, if the authors will be unable to justify and provide the evidence records the images will be removed from the manuscript without a further notice to the author.