International Journal on Women Empowerment <p>The&nbsp;<strong>International Journal on Women Empowerment</strong>&nbsp;is an annual, double-blind peer-reviewed, open-access journal providing a holistic understanding of society. The journal publishes research and scholarly ideas about Women's health and social issues,&nbsp; all over the world with the objective to endorse Women Empowerment.&nbsp;<strong>IJWE</strong>&nbsp;is committed to maintaining high standards through a rigorous peer-review together with strict ethical policies. Any infringements of professional ethical codes, such as plagiarism, fraudulent use of data, bogus claims of authorship, should be taken very seriously by the editors with zero tolerance.&nbsp;</p> en-US (IJWE) (Editorial Office) Tue, 16 Mar 2021 12:15:05 +0000 OJS 60 Tracing the roots of generalized anxiety disorder (GAD); domestic violence & abuse (DVA) <p><strong>Background:</strong> Though the factors causing domestic violence and abuse (DVA), such as mental illness among men is well-research, the mental health consequences of DVA for the victims (women) are seldom explored.</p> <p><strong>Methodology:</strong> This case-control study was conducted upon a sample of 200 women (100 cases and 100 controls) presenting to the psychiatric outpatient department at Liaquat University Hospital, Hyderabad. After taking written informed consent, patients with a clinical diagnosis of general anxiety disorder (GAD) were invited to participate in this research. Their data was collected via a self-structured questionnaire inquiring about basic biodata, sociodemographic details, GAD diagnosis, GAD 7 scale score and DVA history. The data collected was analyzed using SPSS version 22. 0.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> The mean age of the study sample was 36 ± 09 years (range 23 to 49). 164 (82%) women were present in a marital relationship, and the remaining were either separated, divorced, or widowed. The mean duration for which the survivors suffered abuse was 7.3 ± 2.5 years, and 153 (76.5%) suffered from DVA to date. 41 (20.5%) participants made their index visit to the psychiatric facility while the remaining were frequent visitors. The mean GAD score of the sample was recorded to be 18 ± 3, with a majority of the patients having moderate or severe anxiety. DVA was more prevalent among the GAD group (p-value 0.034). Additionally, within the GAD group, a higher GAD &amp; scale score correlated with a longer DVA duration and active DVA infliction.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> There is a significant association between DVA and GAD. However, more research is needed to further explore the relationship, for better understanding, and maybe developed upon which more suited treatment protocols may be devised. The results also highlight the prevalence of DVA and the need to apply interventions and offer women help.</p> Muhammad Ilyas Siddiqui, Khalil Ahmed Kazi, Jawad Ahmed Qadri, Aatir Hanif Rajput, Hadiqa Pandhiani, Masood Ahmed Memon ##submission.copyrightStatement## Tue, 16 Mar 2021 11:41:48 +0000 Correcting iron deficiency anemia among women with hypothyroidism; a quality-of-life perspective <p><strong>Background:</strong> Hypothyroidism is a disease characterized by the thyroid gland's compromised ability to produce the thyroid hormone. The condition is often accompanied by Iron Deficiency Anemia (IDA). Together the two have a significant impact on the quality of life (QoL). To gauge the effect of correcting iron deficiency anemia among women with clinical hypothyroidism, improving the quality of life.</p> <p><strong>Methodology:</strong> A total of 140 women pre-diagnosed with hypothyroidism and IDA were included in this experimental study and were presented to the medical outpatient department at Liaquat University Hospital, Hyderabad. All-female participants were recruited via non-probability – consecutive sampling and were included after taking written informed consent and administered corrective treatment (Iron salts). Data was recorded onto a pre-structured questionnaire containing inquiries about basic biodata, sociodemographic details, disease history, present clinical condition, laboratory findings and QoL using Thyroid-Dependent Quality of Life Questionnaire (ThyDQoL), and was analyzed using SPSS version 21.0.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> The mean age of participants included in the study was 29 ± 03 years (range 21 to 43). The mean serum ferritin level was 33 ± 03 ng/mL, while the total mean Iron Binding Capacity (TIBC) was 514 mcg/dL. In 92.1% of the patients, the normalized post-4-week treatment of the Underactive ThyDQoL score suggests improvement from a negative 7 to a negative 3 (cumulative mean value) of the sample.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> The study results concluded that correcting anemia helps improve the QoL among patients with hypothyroidism. Since the remedy to anemia is achieved earlier than hypothyroidism management in most cases, it is recommended that the efforts are directed to screen and correct anemia (iron deficiency) among such patients.</p> Sadia Akbar, Safian Ahmed, Masood Ahmed Memon, Khalida Avesi, Muhammad Muneeb, Khalil Ahmed Kazi ##submission.copyrightStatement## Tue, 16 Mar 2021 11:42:21 +0000 Domestic violence since dark ages till pandemic impacting the lives of women: Analyzing through the lens of ethical, Islamic and Pakistani legal law perspectives <p><strong>Background: </strong>Domestic violence is a public health issue across the globe. Almost one-third of women who have been in a relationship report that they have experienced some form of violence by their intimate partner in their lifetime. Domestic violence is viewed as a prevalent social and public health issue in Pakistan. Domestic violence includes intimate partner violence such as sexual or physical violence.</p> <p><strong>Case presentation: </strong>In this paper, domestic violence a real-life case scenario has been examined and analyzed from the lens of ethical, Islamic, and Pakistani law perspectives. Domestic violence's ethical and moral aspect has been studied in light of Kantian and ethical theories.</p> <p><strong>Management &amp; Results: </strong>Domestic violence is not only disrespecting women’s fundamental right to live, but it is also harming them in physical, social, mental and psychological aspects of health.&nbsp; Islam has completely forbidden any violence against women and encouraged men to be kind and respectful towards them.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion: </strong>This paper reveals the case study encountered, the position taken, supported by the ethical principles, the arguments and counter-arguments for examining domestic violence. Lastly, it is an individual's and our society's responsibility to work for the safety and promotion of women's empowerment in every stage of life.</p> Sumaira Warwani, Anila Farhan, Sumera Zulfiqar ##submission.copyrightStatement## Mon, 03 May 2021 12:53:39 +0000