Job Finding Rate and Female Labor Supply- A Heterogeneity Perspective

  • Nargis . Applied Economics Research Centre (AERC), University of Karachi, Pakistan
  • Nooreen Mujahid Department of Economics, University of Karachi, Pakistan.
Keywords: Job Finding Rate, Female Labor Supply, Heterogeneity, Labor Market Flows, Inactivity


Background: In contemporary labor economics, the concept of job finding rate is central as it defines the job search and measures the employment potential of the labor market. Considering this fact, economists primarily count on measuring the flows of labor between the labor market states. The study is an endeavour to design a conceptual framework to determine female labor supply considering these labor market flows and job finding rate in Pakistan.

Methodology: The study evaluates various search models and provides a comprehensive review of literature taking into consideration job finding rate and female labor supply. Electronic databases including Google Scholar & Medline were used. Articles, books, and conference proceedings were cited using keywords like Job Finding rate, female labor and labor market, etc.      

Result: The study has introduced the perspective of heterogeneity to incorporate the composition effect and dispersion effect of the labor market. The framework of the study provides a hint for policy makers to consider the relevant flows for improvement in female employment in Pakistan.

Conclusion: The main conclusion stresses on including the inactive group to link up the job finding rate with female labor supply. Not doing so would bias the imputed importance of factors shaping aggregate participation and unemployment rates.


Download data is not yet available.


1. Hall RE, Schulhofer-Wohl S. Measuring job-finding rates and matching efficiency with heterogeneous job-seekers. Am Econ J Appl Econ. 2018;10(1):1-32.
2. Barnichon R, Figura A. Declining Labor Force Attachment and Downward Trends in Unemployment and Participation. 2013. FEDS Working Paper No. 2013-88. Available at SSRN:
3. Sedláček P. The aggregate matching function and job search from employment and out of the labor force. Rev. Econ. Dyn. 2016;21:16-28.
4. Choi S, Janiak A, Villena‐Roldán B. Unemployment, participation and worker flows over the life‐cycle. Econ. J. 2015;125(589):1705-1733.
5. Pakistan Bureau of Statistics, Government of Pakistan. Labour Fore Survey of Pakistan, 2017-18. [Updated March 12, 2018] [Cited January 22, 2019]. Available at:
How to Cite
., N., & Mujahid, N. (2019). Job Finding Rate and Female Labor Supply- A Heterogeneity Perspective. International Journal on Women Empowerment, 5, 23-34.