Women labor force participation in Pakistan: a survey

  • Huzaifa Sarfaraz University of Karachi
Keywords: Pakistan, Female youth, Labor force participation, Low Economic Development

Abstract

Background: Pakistan has least growing economy in Asia; with semi-industrialized economy that backs on agriculture, industry and services. Although since 2005 the gross domestic product (GDP) has been growing an average 5 percent a year; which is not enough to keep up with fast population growth. One of the factor behind low economic growth is less female labor force participation. The present study was conducted to look for the reasons behind this low pace of participation from half part of the population.

Methodology: Present study has descriptive design as the sole purpose was to gain new insights of the phenomena. Survey was conducted using convenient sampling; comprising of 160 responses, since the respondents were selected because they were easily accessible to the researcher. No statistical test has been applied on the data, as this study is only representing the differences in responses.

Results: Results demonstrated that female youth of Pakistan is enthusiastic about being economically independent but due to social-cultural limitations and lack of support from government it would become difficult for them to achieve their goals. 

Conclusion: This study came up to the conclusion that women in Pakistan are motivated and ready to be part of labor force but due to socio-cultural hindrances they are failing to do so.

References

• Alvarez, B., & Miles, D. (2006). Husbands’ housework time: Does wives paid employment make a difference? Investigaciones Económicas, 30, 5-31.
• Bianchi, S. M., Sayer, L. C., Milkie, M. A., & Robinson, J. P. (2012). Housework: Who did, does or will do it, and how much does it matter? Social Forces, 91, 55–63.
• Chaplin, T.M., Cole, P.M., & Zahn-Waxler, C. (2005). Parental socialization of emotion expression: gender differences and relations to child adjustment. Emotion, 5, 80-88.
• Dale, A., Fieldhouse, E., Shaheen, N., Kalra, V. (2002). Labour market prospect of Pakistani and Bangladeshi women. Sage Journals, 16(1). Retrieved from https://journals.sagepub.com/
• Lee, B., & Porfeli, E. J. (2015). Youths’ socialization to work and school within the family. International Journal for Educational and Vocational Guidance, 1-18.
Published
2018-12-15