Examining the Social and Cultural Barriers Present for Women Seeking Healthcare in Rural Communities of Karachi, Pakistan

  • Nofel Karatela University of Florida
  • Maria Altaf Advance Educational Institute & Research Centre (AEIRC)
  • Shamoon Noushad Advance Educational Institute & Research Centre (AEIRC)
  • Amna Khan Advance Educational Institute & Research Centre (AEIRC)
  • Shershah Syed Koohi Goth Hospital
  • Sadaf Ahmed Advance Educational Institute and Research Centre. Department of Physiology, University of Karachi
Keywords: Health Care Services, Gestation, Rural Communities, Awareness


Study was an interview-based cross-sectional survey with an objective of investigating if there are any social or cultural factors present in rural areas, which makes it difficult for women living in these communities to seek proper health care services. The subjects of this study were rural women who came to receive treatment for their gestation and related complications at Koohi Goth Hospital in Karachi, Pakistan. The variables that were explored included the level of education, socioeconomic status, social/family support, and level of awareness regarding proper birth care. Data collection included interviewing these women who were admitted to the outpatient department (O.P.D.) of the hospital and asking them questions concerning these variables. Much of the participants who were included for the study were conceiving for the 3rd and 4th time and they were in 3rd week of gestational period. The result of this study showed that women living in the rural areas were less educated due to their low socio-economic status. Disproportionate number of women claimed that learning about maternal health and related issues were never included in education they received.