Manuscript Organization

Research Articles

Title of the article

The title should not exceed 200-250 characters. It should be reasonably self-explanatory yet concise to give an eye catching view of the topic to the researchers outside the respective field.

Sequence

Complete name of authors with their affiliation, email addresses of corresponding authors, and keywords (3-5 only) must be mentioned below the title of the article.

Abstract

All manuscripts should accompany clearly written and structured abstract to highlight the most important points of the text. The abstract should not exceed 250 words. The abstract should be structured as background, methodology, results & conclusion.

Introduction

This should describe the purpose of the article. It should end up with the rationale on the basis of which the study has been conducted. (It should neither review the subject extensively nor should it have data or conclusions of the study).

Methodology

All the details related with the data collection, study design, analysis, etc. should be mentioned. The methods should include all the details about methodology which might be useful to replicate the experiment. Studies involving human subjects should mention the description of recruitment procedure, compliance, language of instrument (in case of questionnaire). Statistical analyses and the software used should also be mentioned in this section.

Results

Results must be presented in the form of text. Tables and illustrations should be added wherever required. The contents of the tables should not be repeated in the text. Instead, a reference to the table or figure number must be given. Tables and illustrations should be merged within the text of the papers. Legends for illustrations should be placed and tables repeating information should be omitted. Each table should have a title and should be numbered sequentially. Any abbreviations should be explained in the footnotes. All graphs should be made in MS Excel, sent as a separate file, even if they are merged in the manuscript. For scanned photographs, the highest resolution should be used.

Discussion

It should emphasize the present findings and comparison should be made of variations or similarities with other studies in the respective field. The detailed data should not be repeated in this section.

Conclusion

It must be mentioned whether the hypothesis in the article is true, false or no conclusions can be derived.

Conflict of Interest

A conflict of interest arises when a professional judgement concerning a primary interest may be influenced by a secondary interest. The authors are asked at the time of submission to disclose any conflict of interest they may have.

Acknowledgement

Acknowledge all contributors.

Funding

Authors should declare sources of funding for the research mentioned. Affirming that they have not entered into an agreement with the funding organization that may have limited their ability to complete research as planned, and that they have had full control of all primary data.

References

Authors are responsible for the accuracy of all references. IJWE follows APA style of referencing The in-text citation must be in APA style. APA in-text citation style uses the author's last name and the year of publication, for example: (Field, 2005).

Review Articles

Types of Review Articles 

  • Narrative review: Existing studies, theories and models are selected, summarized and compared in a Narrative Review. Results mainly focus the qualitative view rather than a quantitative.
  • Systematic review: This involves statistical analysis of findings from several individual studies. Meta-Analyses are used to pool the results of individual studies.

Words limit

Review articles vary considerably in length i.e. the Narrative reviews may range between 8,000 and 40,000 words (references and everything else included) while Systematic reviews are usually shorter with less than 10,000 words.

Title of the article

The title should not exceed 200-250 characters. It should be reasonably self-explanatory yet concise to give an eye catching view of the topic to the researchers outside the respective field.

Sequence

Complete name of authors with their affiliation, email addresses of corresponding authors, and keywords (3-5 only) must be mentioned below the title of the article.

Abstract

All manuscripts should accompany clearly written and structured abstract to highlight the most important points of the text. The abstract should not exceed 250 words. The abstract should be structured as background, methodology, results & conclusion.

* The methodology of a review article must give an overall representation of the methodological approach. The number of articles cited for the literature review, selection criteria, the databases used for literature search and the papers of which time duration were searched must be mentioned. 

Introduction

This should describe the purpose of the article. The author’s aim for reviewing the literature, the method and the organisation of the described text. It should end up with the rationale on the basis of which the study has been conducted.

Methodology

The Systematic Reviews include a methodology section while structurally the Narrative reviews do not have a methodology section but should include some information about applied methods in other compared studies at the end of the introduction.

Main Body

The main body of a review article may be divided into sub-headings. Subheadings helps to understand the flow of topic and reflect what each section is about. Only one idea or topic must be covered per paragraph. The described research findings must be in link with the research question several studies must be referred in a paragraph rather than just one. Link the studies to one another. Compare and discuss their relationships.

Conclusion

By the end of the review article, the author must state the answer of research question set in the introduction. Make sure your review gives a clear idea that integrates the points discussed throughout the review. This section sum-up your article but avoid repeating the abstract points. To have a clear take home message that integrates the points discussed in the review.

Conflict of Interest

A conflict of interest arises when a professional judgement concerning a primary interest may be influenced by a secondary interest. The authors are asked at the time of submission to disclose any conflict of interest they may have.

Acknowledgement

Acknowledge all contributors. 

Funding

Authors should declare sources of funding for the research mentioned. Affirming that they have not entered into an agreement with the funding organization that may have limited their ability to complete research as planned, and that they have had full control of all primary data.

References

IJWE follows APA Style of referencing.

Short Communications 

General Instructions

2500 words, 20 references, no more than 2 figures/tables.

Title of the article

The title should not exceed 200-250 characters. It should be reasonably self-explanatory yet concise to give an eye catching view of the topic to the researchers outside the respective field.

Sequence

Complete name of authors with their affiliation, email addresses of corresponding authors, and keywords (3-5 only) must be mentioned below the title of the article.

Abstract

All manuscripts should accompany clearly written and structured abstract to highlight the most important points of the text. The abstract should not exceed 100 words. The abstract should be structured as background, methodology, results & conclusion.

Introduction

This should describe the purpose of the article. It should end up with the rationale on the basis of which the study has been conducted. (It should neither review the subject extensively nor should it have data or conclusions of the study).

Methodology

All the details related with the data collection, study design, analysis, etc. should be mentioned. The methods should include all the details about methodology which might be useful to replicate the experiment. Studies involving human subjects should mention the description of recruitment procedure, compliance, language of instrument (in case of questionnaire). Statistical analyses and the software used should also be mentioned in this section.

Results

Results must be presented in the form of text. Tables and illustrations should be added wherever required. The contents of the tables should not be repeated in the text. Instead, a reference to the table or figure number must be given. Tables and illustrations should be merged within the text of the papers. Legends for illustrations should be placed and tables repeating information should be omitted. Each table should have a title and should be numbered sequentially. Any abbreviations should be explained in the footnotes. All graphs should be made in MS Excel, sent as a separate file, even if they are merged in the manuscript. For scanned photographs, the highest resolution should be used.

Discussion

It should emphasize the present findings and comparison should be made of variations or similarities with other studies in the respective field. The detailed data should not be repeated in this section.

Conclusion

It must be mentioned whether the hypothesis in the article is true, false or no conclusions can be derived.

Conflict of Interest

A conflict of interest arises when a professional judgement concerning a primary interest may be influenced by a secondary interest. The authors are asked at the time of submission to disclose any conflict of interest they may have.

Acknowledgement

Acknowledge all contributors. It should be included after the conclusion.

Funding

Authors should declare sources of funding for the research mentioned. Affirming that they have not entered into an agreement with the funding organization that may have limited their ability to complete research as planned, and that they have had full control of all primary data.

References

IJWE follows APA Style of referencing.

Editorials

A letter provides new insight, make corrections or offer alternate theories. It provides a direct way of communication between the author of the article and the readers of the journal. The author may also request clarification about existing content of the journal in an editorial.

General Instructions

Editorials should have fewer than 1000 words total, no abstract, a minimal number of references, and no figures or tables.

Title of the article

The title should not exceed 200-250 characters. It should be reasonably self-explanatory yet concise to give an eye catching view of the topic to the researchers outside the respective field.

Sequence

Complete name of authors with their affiliation, email addresses of corresponding authors, and keywords (3-5 only) must be mentioned below the title of the article.

Main Body

The main body of an editorial must address the contents of an original journal article either to identify errors and make a correction; provide an alternate point; state additional information & evidences. The letter must be simple and focused. The literature/comments must be backed up with authentic references. Typically, the best letters are brief.

Conclusion

The suggestion or conclusive statement must be mentioned in the section.

Conflict of Interest

A conflict of interest arises when a professional judgement concerning a primary interest may be influenced by a secondary interest. The authors are asked at the time of submission to disclose any conflict of interest they may have.

Acknowledgement

Acknowledge all contributors.

Funding

Authors should declare sources of funding for the research mentioned. Affirming that they have not entered into an agreement with the funding organization that may have limited their ability to complete research as planned, and that they have had full control of all primary data.

References

IJWE follows APA Style of referencing.