Assessment of the association of ABO blood group in dengue fever diagnosed patient in tertiary care hospital

  • Shaheen Kouser Department of Dr. Ishrat ul Ebad Khan Institute of Blood Diseases, Dow University of Health Sciences, Karachi-Pakistan https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7223-9120
  • Farah Fatima Abbas Department of Pathology, Dow University of Health Sciences, Karachi-Pakistan https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7332-700X
  • Fouzia Naeem Effendi Department of Community Health Sciences, Bahria University Medical & Dental College, Karachi-Pakistan https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7539-0363
  • Nasrul Huda Department of Anatomy, Dow University of Health Sciences, Karachi-Pakistan https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0850-8541
  • Munazza Suharwardy Obaid Department of Community Medicine, Dow University of Health Sciences, Karachi-Pakistan https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5148-731X
  • Humaira Aman Ali Department of Biochemistry, Dow University of Health Sciences, Karachi-Pakistan https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1670-3240
  • Muhammad Imran Department of Medical Technology, Dow University of Health Sciences, Karachi-Pakistan https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5220-496X
  • Aabiya Abdus Salam Department of Medical Technology, Dow University of Health Sciences, Karachi-Pakistan
  • Alifya Murtaza Ali Department of Medical Technology, Dow University of Health Sciences, Karachi-Pakistan
  • Mahrukh Nazneen Suri Department of Medical Technology, Dow University of Health Sciences, Karachi-Pakistan
  • Syeda Fatima Munir Department of Medical Technology, Dow University of Health Sciences, Karachi-Pakistan
Keywords: Dengue Fever, ABO Blood Group, Immunoglobulin M (IgM), Immunoglobulin G (IgG).

Abstract

Background: A serious worldwide medical and public health concern occurs with the dengue virus, which is also an emerging health threat. A victim can be vulnerable and acquire dengue because of his age, genetics, nutritional status, viral strain and secondary infections. Our objective was to identify the ABO blood group system's distribution and relationship in dengue fever (DF) patients.

Methodology: The current study has conducted between September 2019 and September 2020 in Dr. Ishrat ul Ebad Institute of Blood Diseases Department. The research work was viewed and accepted by the ethics and research committees. Case records of patients with blood systems and their relation among dengue nonstructural protein 1 (NS1) antigen /dengue immunoglobulin M (IgM) and immunoglobulin G (lgG) were included in this study.

Results: Among 204 cases, 82 were blood group O positive, 59 were B positive, 38 were A positive, 16 were AB positive, 4 were O negative, and 2 were blood group A negative. The association of the ABO blood group with dengue was statistically significant (p=0.046). Blood group O+ has the highest number of cases, 66 (42.9 %), than controls, 16 (32 %).

Conclusion: This study overall consummates that blood group O is linked with a greater possibility of acquiring DF in comparison with different other blood group types. There is a significant relationship between blood group and DF observed.

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Author Biographies

Munazza Suharwardy Obaid, Department of Community Medicine, Dow University of Health Sciences, Karachi-Pakistan

Humaira Aman Ali, Department of Biochemistry, Dow University of Health Sciences, Karachi-Pakistan

References

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Published
2020-12-30
How to Cite
Kouser, S., Abbas, F., Effendi, F., Huda, N., Obaid, M., Ali, H., Imran, M., Salam, A., Ali, A., Suri, M., & Munir, S. (2020). Assessment of the association of ABO blood group in dengue fever diagnosed patient in tertiary care hospital. International Journal of Endorsing Health Science Research (IJEHSR), 9(1), 21-27. https://doi.org/10.29052/IJEHSR.v9.i1.2021.21-27