Computed tomogram image encoding for internet of things based systems
Background: In recent times, transmission of information over a wireless channel is increasing at an exponential rate. Applications based on IOT will exceed all form of data available over the internet, it can be in the form of data based on videos and images which alone size up to 70% of the global traffic.
Methodology: In this paper, an encoding technique based on discrete cosine transform (DCT) have been utilized to reduce information of a CT image that is unwanted or a human eye is unable to perceive. For medical images, preserving maximum information in order to properly diagnose any disease is important and for such application, the amount of quantization needed to gain an image with minimum error is to observe the Correlation index (CI).
Results: CI at 50% Quality Quantization Table (QQT) for image 1 was found to be 0.9981 and its size reduced to 0.403 MB, it means that the compressed image is 99.8% similar to the original image. But its similarity reduces with the increase in QQT, its size will also decrease by at this point quality will degrade too.
Conclusion: In order to store images on the drive, it is imperative to apply a compression technique. In this paper, a compression technique is proposed utilizing a DCT algorithm to reduce an image size with different QQT provided for quality assessment. Each image has a different set of information and to cater their differences this QQT can be manipulated for best possible quality with acceptable size on disk.
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